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Changing routine and diet

Horses thrive off a regular and consistent routine and any change to your horse’s management needs to be made gradually to ensure the health of your horse is not compromised.

  • Last reviewed: 14th July 2022

There may be many reasons why you need or want to change your horse’s routine. 

It might be due to horse injury, where your vet has advised to stop riding and introduce a period of box or field rest. It could be due to a change in personal circumstances, meaning you need a break from riding and are therefore considering ‘turning your horse away’ for a period of time. It could be that you are downgrading your livery package from full to grass or planning on retiring your horse.    

There are certain situations where a management change isn’t possible or suitable, for example, yard facilities limits turn out or if your horse needs careful management such as those with equine metabolic syndrome, are overweight or have obesity, or those who have or are prone to laminitis. There also may be additional veterinary and rehabilitation reasons for why horses cannot be turned out 24/7, so it will be important to follow the advice of your vet before making any changes to your horse’s routine. 

The guidance below will help to make sure your horse is kept as safe and healthy as possible when considering a management change: 

Monitoring Weight

Maintaining your horse at a healthy weight can be a real challenge and is a balancing act between providing the right diet, management, and exercise. Your horse could be at risk of weight gain if they are not getting as much exercise or if they are given access to more grass than they are used to.  

Weightapes and taking photos of your horse are useful tools to help monitor and assess any weight changes in your horse. Getting hands-on by fat scoring is also helpful to monitor your horse’s body condition. This will enable you to react to changes in your horse’s weight by adjusting their management gradually. If your horse is fit and well-muscled and you are planning on reducing their exercise, then you will start to see changes to their body shape due to muscle loss. 

It will be important to reduce the amount of concentrate feed where necessary, especially if your horse’s workload is going to be significantly decreased. It may be beneficial for the horse to be gradually changed on to a balancer feed; speak to your vet or a qualified nutritionist for advice specific to your horse’s individual needs. 

How to prevent Colic when changing routine

To reduce the risk of colic it is important to gradually change your horse’s routine and diet over a minimum of 10-14 days. 

The horse’s large intestine contains billions of bacteria which are sensitive to change. Introducing new feeds gradually will help the bacteria acclimatise and adapt.  

Therefore, it is important to slowly adjust the amount of turnout/grazing time your horse has and not to suddenly turn out or stable them for large amounts of time straight away. 

However, if your vet has advised a period of box rest due to injury or illness then it is likely turnout will need to be reduced relatively quickly. Discuss this with your vet as they may confirm you can still turn out for short periods of time, walk out in-hand and graze or rehabilitate the horse with field rest instead, depending on the injury and circumstances. 

Pasture Management

It is important to assess the impact that increased turnout may have on the pasture and horse welfare. Factors to consider include: the amount of grazing available, any future options to rotate grazing, any additional forage being put out in the field and consideration for parasite control, especially with a change in season. 

How to prevent Laminitis when changing routine

A surge in grass growth can increase the risk of laminitis in those susceptible. Be aware that this can also occur in paddocks recovering from the Winter. 

Grass is a major contributor of calories in a horse’s diet. Overweight horses or those prone to laminitis are likely to need their grazing restricted, as excess weight gain more than doubles the risk of laminitis1. This highlights the importance of managing your horse’s grazing, especially if they are going to be spending more time out at grass or having their exercise reduced. 

Grazing can be restricted by using electric fencing to strip graze or setting up a track system. Further helpful guidance is available here. 

Grazing muzzles can also be helpful to control the horse’s intake of grass. These must be introduced carefully and the horse closely monitored. They must never be left on 24/7. 

Removing shoes

In consultation with your farrier, arranging for your horse’s shoes to be removed if you are not exercising your horse regularly, or not at all, could be a consideration. 

Speak to your farrier for advice on whether this could be a suitable option for your horse. It may be that your horse could cope with their back shoes being removed only, rather than all round removal. Monitor how your horse is coping and if you have any concerns contact your farrier. 

Use of rugs

If your horse wears a rug be mindful that an ill-fitting rug, or one left on for too long without checking, may cause discomfort or even start to rub and cause injury. 

Ideally, remove your horse’s rug daily so you can check for signs of rubbing or soreness and then refit or change as necessary. Check the weather daily and decide if your horse needs to wear a rug. If your horse’s exercise has been decreased, unnecessary or over-rugging is likely to result in excess fat being stored by the horse rather than being used to keep warm when un-rugged. 

Sweet Itch

Horses prone to sweet itch are most commonly affected from March – November when biting flies, such as midges, are most active. 

24/7 turnout may not be suitable for horse’s prone to sweet itch as they will be at an increased risk of coming into contact with midges. Stabling horses from dusk to dawn, especially in hot and humid conditions when midges are at their most active, can help prevent horses being bitten. 

Sweet itch rugs which cover all the areas of the horse susceptible to bites can provide protection. There are many insect repellents and insecticides on the market, but some are more effective than others. 

Bringing your horse back into work

When bringing your horse back into work, the thought of going for a canter to ‘blow away the cobwebs’ can be tempting. BUT this is a potential recipe for disaster which could result in a significant injury to your horse and potentially you. 

No matter how fit your horse was prior to being turned away, conditioning will have been lost. Any weight gain means a strain on joints, tendons, muscles, and the cardiovascular system, and must always be at the forefront of our minds when returning horses to work. 

It takes preparation to ensure both horse and rider come back into work safely and soundly and ensure we are following best practice with regards to our horse’s care and welfare. 

References

1. Pollard, D., et al (2018) Incidence and clinical signs of owner-reported equine laminitis in a cohort of horses and ponies in Great Britain. Equine Veterinary Journal. 51(5), pp. 587-594