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Equine Infectious Anaemia

Equine Infectious Anaemia (EIA) or Swamp Fever is a virus that occurs in horse populations throughout the world. It can produce a wide range of clinical signs, and is most commonly transmitted by biting insects. However, trasmission is also possible via contaminated blood, or blood products.

Although it is very rare, there have been cases of EIA in Great Britain within the last few years. However, these cases are all thought to have occurred in horses imported to Britain after infection, rather than the disease being contracted here. In order for an outbreak of EIA to be successfully contained it is imperative that it is identified quickly. For this reason all horse owners should familiarise themselves with EIA and its signs.

EIA is a notifiable disease. This means that if you suspect a horse may have it, you must immediately notify the duty vet in your local Animal Health Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) office.

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